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Windows Server 2016 SSD Hosting - HostForLIFE.eu :: How To Securely Delete Files From Your Servers?

clock August 15, 2018 11:40 by author Peter

Do you know what happens when you delete a file in a GUI or run rm file.txt on the command line? If you said the file is deleted, you are only half right. In fact, the data stays just where it was before you “deleted” it. You can’t see it because the link the operating system used to identify the file and show it to you no longer exists. But the data is untouched until the operating system uses the space for a different file.

It’s easy to restore data that has not been securely deleted. That’s bad news if the hard drive the data is on is sold, leased to someone else, or thrown in the trash. There are business, security, and legal consequences if server data is not securely deleted.

The only way to securely delete data is to overwrite it. You could also destroy the drive, but businesses typically lease servers that they don’t have physical access to or they own. They need to be able to securely delete data remotely. A quick rm doesn’t cut it.

Before I outline the best way to securely delete a file or volume, a word of warning. If you do this, the data will be gone forever — that’s the point. Before running any of these commands, make sure you really mean it.

Securely Deleting A File

As I have already said, rm removes directory entries. It does not delete data. To securely delete the data, you must use a tool that both removes the link and overwrites the data.

One such tool is shred, which will repeatedly overwrite the file’s data with random bytes.

shred -u file.txt

Shred overwrites the file three times with random data, although you can specify how many times the data is overwritten with the -n option. If you don’t use the -u option, shred will overwrite the data but it won’t remove the file.

Securely Deleting A Drive

The shred utility can securely erase drives, but we’ll explore an alternative.

Before running these commands, check that you have correctly identified the drive you want to erase. The command will run on the boot and root drives without warning.

Linux represents drives as files. For example, the file /dev/sda1 represents the “first” drive on your server. The dev directory is not a normal directory, but a collection of special files representing devices connected to the server.

To see the drives connected to a server, run this command,

`fdisk -l`

Identify the drive that you intend to erase all data from and take note of the special filename. We’re going to use dd to overwrite the data on this drive with either random data or zeroes. The dd command “converts and copies a file”.

In this case, we’re going to take data from a special file and overwrite our target drive with it. Linux provides several special files that generate a stream of data, including /dev/zero and /dev/urandom, which contain lots of zeros and pseudorandom data respectively.

dd if=/dev/urandom > /dev/ss__ # replace __ with drive number

Here, we designate /dev/random as the input file and direct its data to overwrite the drive. This will destroy all data on the drive.

For added security, you can repeat the dd command several times or alternate between random data and zeros with:

dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/sd__ # replace __ with drive number

On modern high-density drives, multiple passes are usually not necessary, but it doesn’t hurt.

Limitations

There are some limitations to this approach that you should be aware of. If the data is being backed up to a different drive, it may remain accessible. If the drive uses a modern journaling filesystem like ext4, some data may not be erased properly. SSD wear leveling can also interfere with secure deletion.

For sensitive data, it may be best to use an encrypted volume rather than relying on secure deletion. The data from an encrypted volume cannot be recovered without the key even if it has not been securely deleted.



Windows Server 2016 SSD Hosting - HostForLIFE.eu :: Streaming Logs Using Windows PowerShell

clock July 27, 2018 11:21 by author Peter

Log data helps technical personnel quickly drill down on application related issues including:

 

  • Pinpointing areas of poor performance
  • Assessing application health and troubleshooting
  • Diagnosing and identifying the root cause of application installation and run-time errors

There are a lot of tools available in the market which help you stream logs. But with most of them, I have personally experienced if they are easy to use they are paid and most of open source is too complex to configure. In this blog, I will explain how you can implement a simple log streaming tool using Powershell. This is more of a dev/debug helper tool, although if you invest time in the building then you can take it to a product level tool.
To start with,  below is a simple one-line Powershell which will read log file data in real time. The best part is it will WAIT for any more logs to be written on file and will stream it as soon as it completes on the file.

Get-Content "****LOG FILE PATH***" -WAIT

To take it to the next level let's manipulate the logs written before they are presented on screen. In the below code sample if you provide a log with the message containing "*" then the script will change all "*" to "@" before presenting.

Sample log message: INFO InfoLog - ***************CONFIG READ***************
$file = "*******LOG FILE PATH********"  
Get - Content $file - Wait | ForEach - Object - Begin {  
    $counter = 1  
    $lines = @(Get - Content $file).Count  
} - Process {  
    if ($counter++ - gt $lines) {  
        Write - host $_.ToString().Replace("*", "@")  
    }  
}  


Let's take it a bit further. Suppose we need to present Error type messages to be highlighted with RED. And the rest of the message must be in GREEN.
Sample log message: INFO InfoLog - ***************CONFIG READ****************
Sample log message: ERROR ErrorLog - ************CONFIG READ****************

$file = "*******LOG FILE PATH********"  
Get - Content $file - Wait | ForEach - Object - Begin {  
    $counter = 1  
    $lines = @(Get - Content $file).Count  
} - Process {  
    if ($counter++ - gt $lines) {  
        if ($_.ToString().Contains("ERROR")) {  
            Write - host $_.ToString() - foregroundcolor "red"  
        } else {  
            Write - host $_.ToString() - foregroundcolor "green"  
        }  
    }  
}  


There are endless possibilities and use cases which can be implemented, the sky is the limit.



Windows Server 2016 SSD Hosting - - HostForLIFE.eu :: Dedicated Servers As The Secured Solutions

clock July 25, 2018 11:05 by author Peter

When it comes to the option of dedicated servers, you may find it costly in comparison to other web hosting options. But ultimately, the choice is worth making because plenty of commercial benefits are integrated into this web hosting plan. Let’s see how it is a better option than others web hosting plans.

Better uptime
In dedicated hosting arrangements, the service provider reserves the SLA,  including the solution of hardware failure. The service provider maintains a support team for 24x7. With expert skill sets and ITIL complaint methods you can be sure about a high uptime.

Cost efficiency
This is a cost efficient option. According to the plan, a dedicated hosting service provider is responsible for upgradates and maintenance of hardware for maintaining connectivity, and for offering a friendly physical environment. Under this plan, you as a user have no obligation to pay for the total server room or for employing a service administrator. Under this plan you have to pay for the services you will be using.

Reliable bandwidth
Under this web hosting plan you will get to enjoy higher internet speed. There is no chance to lose the speed as there is no risk of sharing the connection. This will help in faster communication, upload management, and uninterrupted business presence.

Complete control on applications
If you select dedicated web hosting, you will enjoy a complete monopoly of decisions about using site management tools and allied other applications to boost your hosting environment. However, about the tools, you need to get prior approval from your hosting service provider that they will be able to give you backend support to maintain them.

Better security arrangement
Dedicated hosting service offers uninterrupted access to physical server. The security arrangement includes supervision cameras, Biometric Access Control System, round-the-clock patrolling, etc. for improved security. Advanced service providers often provide additional supports like DDos guard, web application firewall, VAPT, and security event management.

These reasons can clearly  justify why Dedicated Server is a better option. It is clearly understood that although expensive, this category of web hosting service offers excellent ROI (Return over investment).



About HostForLIFE.eu

HostForLIFE.eu is European Windows Hosting Provider which focuses on Windows Platform only. We deliver on-demand hosting solutions including Shared hosting, Reseller Hosting, Cloud Hosting, Dedicated Servers, and IT as a Service for companies of all sizes.

We have offered the latest Windows 2016 Hosting, ASP.NET Core 2.2.1 Hosting, ASP.NET MVC 6 Hosting and SQL 2017 Hosting.


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