The below powershell cmdlets are used to create csv files by querying the SQL server.

All the variables containing the server name and DB details:
    #Variable to hold variable 
    $SQLServer = "XX.XX.XXX.XX" 
    $SQLDBName = "TestDB" 
    $uid ="domain\userID" 
    $pwd = "password123"  
    #SQL Query 
    $SqlQuery = "SELECT * from tableName;" 
    $SqlConnection = New-Object System.Data.SqlClient.SqlConnection 
    $SqlConnection.ConnectionString = "Server = $SQLServer; Database = $SQLDBName; Integrated Security = True;" 
    $SqlCmd = New-Object System.Data.SqlClient.SqlCommand 
    $SqlCmd.CommandText = $SqlQuery 
    $SqlCmd.Connection = $SqlConnection 
    $SqlAdapter = New-Object System.Data.SqlClient.SqlDataAdapter 
    $SqlAdapter.SelectCommand = $SqlCmd  
    #Creating Dataset 
    $DataSet = New-Object System.Data.DataSet 
    $DataSet.Tables[0] | out-file "\\location\test.csv" 

When Intergrated Security ="true" is used, the cmdlets use current logged in user credentials - network credentails if Integrated Security ="false" we need to use the declared $uid and $pwd while establishing the connection.

The File is saved in the location or FTP path as test.csv
The SFTP is Secured FTP; the following powershell command helps to move any file to the SFTP location and it needs "Posh-SSH module" We need to install this module.

The Powershell variable mentioned in the below code snippnet stores all the details of the SFTP or FTP server, where the files need to be moved.
    #Declaring Variable 
    $sourceSFTPIP = "" 
    #IP address of the SFTP server 
    $LocalFilePath = "C:\test.csv"; 
    $SFTPPath = ".\sharedFilePath\"  
    # folder location inside SFTP server 
    $secpasswd = ConvertTo - SecureString "password" - AsPlainText - Force 
    # the below object is used to key in the username and password automatically rather than promt the user to username and password 
    $mycreds = New - Object System.Management.Automation.PSCredential("username", $secpasswd) 
    # Module need to use SFTP Path 
    Install - Module - Name Posh - SSH# get sftp password this command can be used 
    if user need to feed in the user name and password at the time of running the script 
    # $credential = Get - Credential# Creating PS session to be used 
    $session = New - SFTPSession - ComputerName $sourceSFTPIP - Credential $mycreds - AcceptKey 
    # Move File using ps session 
    Set - SFTPFile - SessionId $session.SessionId - LocalFile $LocalFilePath - RemotePath $SFTPPath 

We need to disconnect the session that was created to do this operation. Once it has run,  the file that is present in sharepath is moved to the SFTP server location.